At the end of Romans 7, Paul thanks God that salvation from the body of death comes through Jesus Christ. In Romans 8, we see how the love of Christ is demonstrated.
8:1– The Greek word for condemnation is “katakrima” which is pronounced as kat-ak-ree-mah, meaning an adverse sentence. There is no condemnation to them in Christ; when you are saved, you are in Christ forever. It is the reality of the believer who works not after the flesh but after the Spirit.
8:2– The law of sin and death brought about condemnation (Romans 6:23) but the law of faith has brought eternal life. This law of faith is the law of the Spirit.
8:3-4– The law was made weak through the flesh because the flesh is naturally sinful. The law brought about our knowledge of this and as such, we only sinned the more. But God, Who is rich in mercy, sent His Son in the flesh and condemned sin in the flesh, this sets an example for us, that since we walk after the Spirit and the righteousness of the law has been fulfilled in us, we can also overcome sin. That is what grace entails.
8:5– When you walk after the flesh, the things of the flesh are appealing and you resent the things of the Spirit. But when you walk after the Spirit, the things of the Spirit become more appealing and you resent the things of the flesh.
8:6-8– Paul explains that to be carnally minded i.e walking after the flesh is death. To be spiritually minded is life and peace. The carnal mind is not subject to the law of God, it belongs to the one who is no saved, who is hostile to God and does not have His Holy Spirit. And so, the one with the carnal mind cannot please God.
8:9– “But ye are not in the flesh…” Paul addresses believers. “…but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you.” The pattern goes like this: you believe in God, in the finished work of Christ and you are saved, you then receive the Holy Spirit the moment you believe and so, the Spirit dwells in you. Do you believe in Christ? Yes? Then the other boxes are ticked.
8:10– If Christ dwells in you, understand that the flesh is dead in sin but His Spirit gives life because of righteousness. So even if we die a physical death, we still live a spiritual life which is eternal.
Romans 8:11-13– The same Spirit that raised Christ from the dead is the same that dwells in us as believers and that same Spirit will quicken our mortal bodies. The Greek word for quicken is “zōopoieō (pronounced dzo-op-oy-eh-o)” which means to make alive or to give life. This means we therefore have power over the flesh, just like Christ condemned sin in the flesh, so we can do exactly the same. Verse 12 tells us we are not debtors to the flesh because we are dead to it. When you say something is dead to you, you do not please it. In the same way, we do not pertain to the sinfulness of the flesh, for the flesh brings death. Through the Spirit, we mortify (thanatoō) [which means to kill] the deeds of the flesh, and we live.
8:14– When the Holy Spirit dwells in you, you are led by Him and as such, you are a son of God. By this, we understand that Jesus Christ isn’t the only Son of God but He is the first born Son of God, and we are joint-heirs with Christ (Romans 8:17).
8:15– We can now call God Father. Abba means Father. In those days, people couldn’t call God, Father, that’s why they were angered when Jesus called God Father.
8:16-17– Paul tells us about our FAMILY TREE. He says the Spirit bears witness with our spirits that we are children of God. How wonderful! And if we are children, we are heirs of God and just like Christ, we are joint-heirs with Him. But there is a responsibility here: we must share in His suffering if we are to share His glory. Christ said in Matthew 5:11-12:
“Blessed are ye, when men shall revile you, and persecute you, and shall say all manner of evil against you falsely, for my sake. Rejoice, and be exceeding glad: for great is your reward in heaven: for so persecuted they the prophets which were before you.”Matthew 5:11-12 KJV
8:18– We are to suffer with Christ but Paul encourages us that the sufferings of this present times are nothing compared with the glory that shall be revealed in us.
8:19– Even all of creation awaits earnestly and expectantly for this glory that shall be revealed in the sons of God. Hallelujah!
8:20-22– All of creation awaits because though they have been subjected to vanity, not their fault but the will of Him who subjected it to them with the hope that along with the sons of God, they will be set free from death and decay.
8:23– The sons of God, like creation, also await this moment, groaning within ourselves for the redemption of our bodies.
8:24– Paul says we are saved by hope. You can only hope for something you have not seen. We have faith in the hope of our salvation and this hope does not fail; it maketh not ashamed (Romans 5:5)
8:25– The attitude we should have for this hope is patience and thankfully, it is a gift of the spirit.
8:26– When in our infirmities (astheneia– feebleness of body or mind) the Holy Spirit intercedes for us groanings that cannot be uttered . This does not imply speaking in tongues because speaking in tongues itself is an utterance. The Holy Spirit is the one who intercedes for us, we do not do this ourselves.
8:27– He who searches our hearts also knows the mind of the spirit of God, because it is His Spirit. The Spirit makes intercession for the saints according to the will of God. Notice Paul calls us saints. Saints aren’t just those who have died and seen to be perfect, doing “extraordinary” works. Saints are those who have the spirit of God in them. The sons of God.Click To Tweet
8:28– Now we see that all things work together for good to them that love God. In health or in infirmities of body and mind, everything works out for our good because we have the Spirit always interceding on our behalf.
8:29-30– God has always had the plan that we be in the image of His son and so He has died for all of us whom He loves and called us to salvation. Those who believe shall be justified and glorified. He loved all, died for all, knew all, called all but only those who believe will be justified.He loved all, died for all, knew all, called all but only those who believe will be justified. Click To Tweet
8:31– If God is for us , we know nobody can be against us. Even if they are, their defeat is sure.
8:32-33– If He didn’t spare His Son for us, how won’t He give us all things? This just goes on to say that there is nothing we can do to “gain” God’s goodness. Nothing or nobody can have anything against us. It is the same God who saved us that justifies us.
8:34– Christ who is going to condemn unbelievers is the same who died for us and makes intercession for us.
8:35-36– No persecution or trials we face can separate us from the love of Christ.
Romans 8:37-39– In all these things, we are more than conquerors though Him that loved us. We have victory over all circumstances. And there is NOTHING that can or ever will separate us from the love of God.And there is NOTHING that can or ever will separate us from the love of God. Click To Tweet